MSC1

Evolutionary relationship of pombe msc1 to genes in cerevisiae

In a recent paper on the comparative analysis of protein complexes between two fungal species (ref), there is conflicting information on the evolutionaty relationship of the msc1 protein from Schizosaccheromyces pombe to those in other species, most notably Sacceromyces cerevisiae. In one table they note msc1 as not having an ortholog in cerevisiae. In contrast, in one figure (and the main text) they propose that ecm5 is the ortholog of msc1 and that it is absent from the S. cerevisiae swr1 complex. One of the themes we care about is the interplay between genome evolution and function/network evolution or put in other words evolution of function. Also it should be clear now that we care a lot about evolution after speciation vs evolution after duplication. In this particular case, the paper claims in figure 5 and the main text that the protein msc1 or ecm5 evolved its function despite being orthologs. Of course this happens in biology and provides interesing insights but the fact that the genome evolution part of the result look somewhat internally inconsistent (is msc1 orthologous to ecm5 or not) is reason to look a little bit better here. Are we looking at simple function evolution or are we also looking at genome evolution. So what is going on in the evolution / orthology of msc1 and ecm5? Let's try and find out! NB in a way this question is quite similar to some of the mini projects so it is quite a big exercise.
  1. Find the protein sequences for pombe msc1/SPAC343.11c and for cerevisiae ecm5/YMR176W. Put them both in PFAM or the conserved domain database or SMART. Describe the similarities and differences.
  2. We want to collect sequences for a tree by finding homologs of msc1 and ecm5. So both should serve as a query. And we want to collect relevant homologs. Before we start collecting homologs, note also that in the paper ecm5 is described to be part of a complex in cerevisiae namely with sntc2, ecm5 and rdp3. In the paper the sntc2 protein in pombe is in a complex with lid2 and jmj3. What is the evolutionary relation between msc1, ecm5 and other pombe genes (lid2!) also taking into account the results from SMART/PFAM, and the location of the HSP's? If you cannot make up your mind include homologs from additional genomes that could help. And also look at the domain composition of your homologs in domain search servers such as PFAM, SMART or the conserved domain database.
  3. What do you think this means for the protein complex membership evolution of the ancestral lineage of msc1? (also given the proteomics data in the original paper ref) and the complex memberships of sntc2 in cerevisiae and pombe. i.e. do you think msc1 gained complex membership after speciation or after duplication?